Key Reforms

No.
Decision/Reform
Description/Activities
Status
Reference
1
National Action Plan on Violence Against Women 2014-2018 (Second NAPVAW)
This National Action Plan aims to eliminate all forms of discrimination and violence against women and children. It lays down key strategies to prevent violence against women that is still a key barrier preventing women from participating in social development. Among others, it is a legal framework for the government to protect victims and translating commitment in real life in promoting gender equality in the society. It includes primary prevention, legal protection, multi-sectoral services, capacity building, and impact assessment. This also includes the M&E system to monitor the progress of the national plan itself.
On going (2nd NAPVAW approved in Dec 2014; started implementation but no progress reports yet)
National Action Plan on Violence Against Women 2014-2018
2
Strategic Plan for Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment 2014-2018 (Neary Rattanak IV)
It serves as a comprehensive framework for strengthening institutional capacities as well as specific measures to foster gender equality in six thematic programs: economic empowerment, education, health, legal protection, decision making and politics, and climate change.
The plan to foster gender equality includes six programs: Economic Empowerment, Education, Health, Legal Protection, Decision Making and Politics, and Climate Change. MoWA chairs the Technical Working Group on Gender (TWGG) which includes thematic sub-groups on Women's Economic Empowerment, Gender Based Violence and Legal Protection, and Women in Leadership and Good Governance. The sob-groups are mandated to coordinate the implementation and monitoring of their respective sections in the Neary Ratanak IV.
On going (Neary Rattanak IV approved in Dec 2014; started implementation but no
progress reports
yet)
Strategic Plan for Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment 2014-2018

Interview with (UNDP Gender Policy Advisor), 04 Sept 2015
3
Guidelines for legal protection of the rights of women and children
The guidelines are to be used by the Judicial Police Agents of the Ministry of Women’s Affairs as well as by any state and non-state service provider assisting women survivors of gender-based violence
On going (guideline approved but no information of the impact available)
The Cambodia Daily, 13 June 2014
4
Dissemination of CEDAW convention and relevant domestic laws
Dissemination took place very widely at both national and sub-national levels through workshops, training courses, meetings, fora, projects and programs with a total of 1.3 million people participating. The dissemination work was conducted through radios, televisions, websites, newsletters, diaries, leaflets and magazines.
On going (1.3 million people participated in 2014)
Summary report on activities of the Cambodian National Council for Women in 2014 and Action Plan for 2015
5
Gender mainstreaming
Working with other line ministries on gender mainstreaming. Example of results achieved by national gender mainstreaming includes: integration of gender issues in MOP's national surveys (CDHS, Agriculture Census, Economic Survey, Socio-economic Survey), conducting Gender and Labor Migration for sub-national workshops in cooperation with MoI and MoLVT, setting a 20% to 50% quota for women in examination to recruit new civil servant organized by MCS, providing scholarship and building dormitories for female students by MoEYS, etc. In collaboration with other line ministries, MoWA also took measure to mainstream gender in policies, laws, regulations, and programs. All Line Ministries have Gender Mainstreaming Action Groups and Gender Mainstreaming Action Plans. Several Line Ministries have developed Sector-specific Gender Policies, including MAFF, MCS (forthcoming) and MLVT (forthcoming) which are aligned to Neary Ratanak IV. MoWA and CDC have done annual sectoral gender analyses of ODA (2015, 2016) which identify which sectors are mainstreaming gender and to what extent. This will be used to monitor the implementation of Near Ratanak IV at Line Ministry level and encourage DPs to align their ODA gender work to national gender priorities as outlined in the Neary Ratanak IV.
On going (two capacity-building workshops on Gender and Labor Migration for sub-national officials in 2014; civil servants recruited for civil service went up from 37% (2013) to 38% (2014)).
Summary report on activities of the Cambodian National Council for Women in 2014 and Action Plan for 2015
6
Empower Young Professional
A young professional network was established within MoWA to empower young professional sand encourage them to work proactively. They now play an important role in communication, especially in social media. The new spokesperson for MoWA is also from this network.
On going (network established; a member of the network is a spokesperson for MoWA)
Interview with Rodrigo Montero (GIZ), 19 Sept 2015
7
Integrating LGBT issues into national policy
LGBT issues have been the first time included in both Neary Rattanak IV and Second NAPVAW.
Completed (LGBT was integrated into national policy)
Interview with Rodrigo Montero (GIZ), 19 Sept 2015