Key Reforms
No.
Decision/Reform
Description/Activities
Status
Reference
1
Court Structure
a. The Law on the Organization and Functioning of the Courts adopted in 2014 had established specialized courts within the existing structure of the courts of first instance. These specialized courts include: civil court, criminal court, commercial court and labor court. The law also provided that administrative body of the courts at all levels are placed under the central administration of the Ministry of Justice. The same law provided for the establishment of the regional Court of Appeal. Five specialized chambers have been established at the court of appeal. These include: criminal, civil, investigating, commercial and labor chamber. Whereas the supreme court has only four chambers: criminal, civil, commercial and labor chamber. Specialized courts and chambers may be established at all levels of courts, if deemed necessary.

b. Legal aid policy is developed, budgeted for and adopted: Ministry of Justice increases the national legal aid budget and develops a legal aid policy in line with the UN principles and guidelines on access to legal aid in criminal justice system.

c. A number of selected final judgments were compiled and published: publication of compilation of selected final judgments, with a view towards the eventual publication of judgments online.

d. The system of court register was created: Ministry of Justice monitors and evaluates the use of court registers.
In progress
Law on the Organization and Functioning of the Courts


2014-2018 Joint Monitoring Indicators on Legal and Judicial Reform

National Strategic Development Plan 2014-2018
2
Prison
Number and proportion of prisoners with final enforceable judgments increased:Ministry of Justice and Ministry of Information develop and monitor the use of clear procedures to ensure that court judgments are promptly shared with prisons.
In progress
2014-2018 Joint Monitoring Indicators on Legal and Judicial Reform
3
Alternative Dispute Resolution
Between 2006 and 2010, the Royal Government of Cambodia, the Council on Legal and Judicial Reform, the Ministry of Justice and Ministry of Interior with funding support from the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Spanish Agency for International Cooperation and Development (AECID) implemented the Access to Justice Project. One of the project’s components was the establishment of the dispute resolution system called “Maisons de la Justice” at the district level and “Commune Dispute Resolution Committee (CDRC)” at the commune level. Both of these mechanisms have provided an alternative to the court process. By 2010, there were 20 Maisons and 56 CDRCs across the country. The RGC has since established an additional 31 Maisons. By 2016, most districts and communes across the country have this mechanism.
In progress
National Strategic Development Plan 2014-2018
4
The launch of the smart phone app of Permanent Secretariat of the Committee for Legal and Judicial Reform
An app called "Permanent Secretariat" as well as the website (www.pscljr.gov.kh) have been made available on App store and Play store for the public from March 13th, 2017. The app contains laws, reports, and other information in relation to the judiciary and legal developments.
On-going
Notice 05