Key Reforms
I. Organizational Reforms
Revised the responsibilities and roles of the Management team
Clearly define responsibilities of the top management team (Minister, Secretary of States and Under Secretary of States) in order to effectively implement the ministry action plan
Report on MoE Achievement for Sep 2013-April 2015 (available as hard copy)
Created a council/advisory group for policy and strategy development
An advisory group was created to advise on the process of restructuring the management structure, development of policy and strategy, and law enforcement.
Completed (advisory group created)
As above
Improved administration system and human resources development
a. Revised administration, staff, and financial management
b. Promote and strengthen the spirit of management team and officials (strengthen professionalism, solidarity, trust amongst staff at all levels)
c. Staff capacity building (collaborate with the Royal School of Administration to provide training for ministry officials at all levels on administration and financial management skills; training to build capacity of official at sub-national level on technical skills for environmental management and build capacity of national park rangers on management of natural conservation area)
In Progress (each department received training and prepared annual action plan)
As above
Physical Infrastructure Development and Functional Re-assignment
a. constructed new ministry building (Morodork Dekcho) in between NAGA and Koh Pich (modernized green building)
b. decentralization (to provide authorization to sub-national level in the area of environmental protection, natural resource management ). MoE is planning to transfer the following functions to sub-national levels: (i) strengthen the control of solid and liquid waste in urban and in public areas; (ii) evaluating the environmental impact of Development Projects; (iii) managing community protected areas; (iv) mainstreaming the resilience of climate change; and (v) educating citizens and disseminate information about the environment.
On going (construction expected to finish by mid 2016; managing community protected areas and strengthen the control of solid and liquid waste have been transferred to the district level)
As above
Sub-decree 69
on protected areas
73 Economic Land concessions, under the Ministry of Environment, were handed to the Ministry of Agriculture, while all conservation areas are now under the Ministry of Environment’s accountability.
In addition to that, 13 protected forests are now under the Ministry of Environment's supervision. The Prey Lang forest has been declared a protected area, along with four other main forests, namely,
Preah Roka, Prey Siem Pang Khang Lech, Prey Chrak Robeang Kravanh Khang Tbong and Prey Veun Sai.
Completed (Sub-decree approved)
Sub-decree 69 ANKrBK
II. Protect environment and promote sustainable development
Environmental protection
a. Developed National Guideline for Sustainable City Development focusing on solid and liquid wastes management in the cities/towns in the country
b. Prakas with MOI and MEF on the implementation of the Environmental Funds for national and subnational level (for effectiveness, accountability and transparency of the use of the funding for solid waste management for 24 provinces (5 million USD for 2015).
c. Drafted law on environmental pollution management, sub-decree on management of e-waste, circular on sewage management in Phnom Penh, circular on waste collection and transportation, recycling, and solid waste disposal, inter-ministerial Prakas on sewage waste management in Phnom Penh
d. Created technical working group on environmental impact assessment to help checking and providing feedback on the social and environmental impact assessment reports submitted by private or public institutions.
e. Planning to build waste water treatment plants in Poipet and Phnom Penh
In Progress (Guideline and law, sub-decree, circular not yet approved)
Report on MoE Achievement for Sep 2013-April 2015
Biodiversity conservation
a. Evaluated projects on economic land concession (Reviewed activities of 23 private companies and revoked licenses and taken back over 90,000 hectares of land and it's now under the management of MoE)
b.Created mechanism to facilitate and share the information on biodiversity (developed a website:, an on-line data center which contains UN-CBD related documents, events, decisions, policies and legislation).
Completed (licenses revoked and website created)
As above
Education and dissemination
a. Improved information dissemination: created website, and Facebook page for public awareness raising on environment, bio-diversity, and sustainable livelihood
b.Collaborated with relevant institutions and development partners in order to raise awareness at the community level on sustainable use of natural resources, the implementation of the EIA at community level, and the issues on energy and environmental pollution to all social levels
c. collaborated with MoEYs to integrate environmental education into the curriculum at all levels and with Ministry of Information to expand the outreach.
On going (website and Facebook been updating; continuing working with partners to raise awareness)
As above
Environmental Code
The ministry plans to have the environment code adopted by the end of 2017. This code will still allow development to take place but with protection and restoration of environment. It allows the local administration to have more management control over the natural resources in their region. Citizens can have better access to information; therefore, they can take part in decision making process. Moreover, this code would also allow citizens to file complaints concerning environmental issues to an independent body at the Ministry of Environment.
Phnom Penh Post