Key Reforms
No.
Decision/Reform
Description/Activities
Status
Reference
1
Agriculture
a. Community-supported agriculture: there are currently 556 communities (70 communities were registered in 2014) with 64 662 members (62% female).
b. Agricultural Extension Policy: MAFF is rolling out a new Agricultural Extension Policy that will look to boost the sector by making new knowledge and technology easily accessible to farmers and communities, in a bid to increase efficiency and productivity in the sector. It aims to increase awareness of new technologies on farming techniques to farmers in a bigger scope through agricultural extension officers from public sector, private sector and development partners.
c. Rice export: There is a 2% increase in rice export in 2014 comparing to 2013.
d. New varieties: two new rice (Phka Rumduol for dry season and CAR 14) and one waxy maize (CM1) varieties have been released by CARDI.
e. Rubber: Rubber plantation increases from 357 809 to 328 800 hectares from 2013 to 2014. Rubber exports in 2014 rose 16.38 % comparing to the export in 2013.
Completed (Agricultural extension policy approved)

On going (trying to increase rice export and rubber plantation)
Phnom Penh Post, 10 April 2015


MAFF Reform Report 2014
(Khmer)
2
Fishery
a. Community Fisheries: There are 516 communities with 332 168 members (35% female). Among those, 370 communities have formally been registered and recognized by MAFF. 14 communities have already submitted their applications and 23 communities are in the process of applying.
b. Fishery conservation: In the process to fight against illegal fishing, MAFF has been created 50 more conservation stations. In total, there are 491 conservation stations in the country (364 are fishery conservation communities).
c. Aquaculture: 65 000 households have received technical training on fish raising from MAFF and 154 farmers have volunteered to disseminate information on fish raising technique to the local people.
d. Illegal fishing crackdown: MAFF has built 16 more patrol stations in conservation areas in some provinces for effective illegal fishing crackdowns. In 2014, there is a decrease in number of illegal fishing cases comparing to 2013 (140 less cases).
In process (in preparation stage for nationwide illegal fishing crackdown)
MAFF Reform Report 2014
(Khmer)

Phnom Penh Post, 21 July 2014
3
Forestry
a. Forest Preservation: MAFF has completed 160 km border demarcation of preserved forest.
b. Community Forestry: In 2014, MAFF has announced the establishment and management of 19 forestry community covering 21 024 hectares located in Steung Treng, Kratie, Kampong Thom, and Rattanakiri.
c. Forest and wildlife conservation: MAFF has conserved 16 280 hectares of forest to protect natural resources and biodiversity and 66 932 hectares for plant genetic resources conservation. 97 species of wildlife have been conserved (1224 animals).
d. Illegal logging: The import of chainsaws into Cambodia is banned after an official call for a nationwide crackdown on the illegal logging trade. MAFF urged the Forestry Administration to curb the availability of chainsaws in rural areas. A nationwide crackdown on illegal loggers will be launched in the near future.
On going (in preparation stage for nationwide crackdown on illegal loggers)
MAFF Reform Report 2014
(Khmer)

Phnom Penh Post, 22 July 2015
4
Legal framework on Economic Land Concessions (ELCs)
MAFF and the MoE issued a joint Prakas on “Strengthening Management of ELCs” and agreed to set rental fees based on the size of cleared land permitted by both ministries. In 2014, there are 121 companies have signed agreement with MAFF covering 2 126 748 hectares of land. However, the licenses have been revoked from 69 companies which did not follow the agreement and taken back 587 580 hectares.
Completed (Prakas on management of ELCs issued; licenses have been revoked from 69 companies)
Phnom Penh Post, 21 April 2015
5
Sub-decree 69 on protected areas.
73 Economic Land concessions, formerly under the Ministry of Environment, were handed to the Ministry of Agriculture, conversely, all conservation areas are now under the Ministry of Environment's authority.
Part of this transfer includes 13 protected forests.
Completed
Sub-decree 69